Publications
Here is a list of articles that I (co)wrote, sorted by either publication or submission year. Papers are either short preprints , or published in conferences proceedings or journals . The articles below may differ from more objective lists like my DBLP entry.
I also write some short math notes on my blog about folklore problems whose answer was probably already known, but that I couldn’t find anywhere!
I support the open access model of publication. As such, all my preprints appear on arXiv or HAL, and all my published articles are free to read and share.

2022 
Distortion in the automorphism group of a fullshift.
August 2022.
[arXiv]
Abstract:
We show that there is a distortion element in a finitelygenerated subgroup $G$ of the automorphism group of the full shift, namely an element of infinite order whose word norm grows polylogarithmically. As a corollary, we obtain a lower bound on the entropy dimension of any subshift containing a copy of $G$, and that a sofic shift's automorphism group contains a distortion element if and only if the sofic shift is uncountable. We obtain also that groups of Turing machines and the higherdimensional BrinThompson groups $mV$ admit distortion elements; in particular, $2V$ (unlike $V$) does not admit a proper action on a $\mathrm{CAT}(0)$ cube complex. The distortion element is essentially the SMART machine.
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The aperiodic Domino problem in higher dimension.
STACS 2022, volume 219, 19:119:15, March 2022.
[DOI] [arXiv]
Abstract:
The classical Domino problem asks whether there exists a tiling in which none of the forbidden patterns given as input appear. In this paper, we consider the aperiodic version of the Domino problem: given as input a family of forbidden patterns, does it allow an aperiodic tiling? The input may correspond to a subshift of finite type, a sofic subshift or an effective subshift.
[Grandjean, Hellouin and Vanier. 2018] proved that this problem is corecursively enumerable ($\Pi_0^1$complete) in dimension 2 for geometrical reasons. We show that it is much harder, namely analytic ($\Sigma_1^1$complete), in higher dimension: $d \geq 4$ in the finite type case, $d \geq 3$ for sofic and effective subshifts. The reduction uses a subshift embedding universal computation and two additional dimensions to control periodicity.
This complexity jump is surprising for two reasons: first, it separates 2 and 3dimensional subshifts, whereas most subshift properties are the same in dimension 2 and higher; second, it is unexpectedly large.
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Distortion in the automorphism group of a fullshift.
August 2022.
[arXiv]

2021 
Surface entropies of $\Z^2$ subshifts of finite type.
ICALP 2021, volume 198, 122:1122:20, July 2021.
[DOI] [HAL]
Abstract:
Subshifts of finite type (SFTs) are sets of colorings of the plane that avoid a finite family of forbidden patterns. In this article, we are interested in the behavior of the growth of the number of valid patterns in SFTs. While entropy $h$ corresponds to growths that are squared exponential $2^{hn^2}$, surface entropy (introduced in Pace's thesis in 2018) corresponds to the eventual linear term in exponential growths. We give here a characterization of the possible surface entropies of SFTs as the $\Pi_3^0$ real numbers of $[0,+\infty]$.
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Surface entropies of $\Z^2$ subshifts of finite type.
ICALP 2021, volume 198, 122:1122:20, July 2021.
[DOI] [HAL]

2020 
Descriptive complexity on nonPolish spaces.
STACS 2020, volume 154, 8:18:16, March 2020.
[DOI] [HAL]
Abstract:
Represented spaces are the topological spaces on which computations can be performed. We investigate the descriptive complexity of sets in represented spaces. First, we prove that the standard representation of a countablybased space preserves the effective descriptive complexity of sets, and we prove that some results from descriptive set theory on Polish spaces extend to arbitrary countablybased spaces. Secondly, we study the larger class of coPolish spaces (in particular the space of polynomials), and we show that their representation does not always preserve the complexity of sets. We relate this mismatch with the sequential aspects of the space.
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Descriptive complexity on nonPolish spaces.
STACS 2020, volume 154, 8:18:16, March 2020.
[DOI] [HAL]